With such a diagnosis as dysbiosis, developing in infants, today, probably, no one surprises. It has become a very frequent phenomenon and it has many causes.
Therefore, the analysis of dysbiosis in newborns is very often prescribed today. In order to make the results of the stool study reliable, it is necessary not only to collect it correctly, but also to deliver it to the laboratory in time. In connection with the fact that this pathology occurs today almost more often than influenza, many young mothers ask the question of how to determine the dysbacteriosis in infants? What symptomatology should become an alarm signal to the fact that it's time to take the analysis for its detection in order to start treatment in time. It is possible to suspect its occurrence on the first signs, which are manifested in the baby.
But for one symptom it is impossible to diagnose a child, since they are typical for many pathologies of digestive organs. In order to confirm the compliance of these signs with this particular pathology of the digestive organs, an appropriate analysis is necessary. The study of feces for dysbacteriosis in newborns is able to confirm the prevalence of pathogenic bacteria in the microflora of its intestine. Diagnosis of dysbacteriosis in infants is carried out in the following types of studies:
- Sowing of feces for the presence of a conditionally pathogenic microflora in it is a study that facilitates the detection of the percentage of obligate bacteria;
- Coprogram. This analysis reveals the digestive degree of the intestine, as well as the absence or presence of signs of inflammation.
Sowing feces on a dysbacteriosis in a baby is an analysis that will help to identify the relationship of opportunistic and normal flora and its sensitivity to antibiotics.
What does the analysis show for a dysbacteriosis in a baby?
This study is conducted to evaluate the ratio and concentration of beneficial microbes( E. coli, lacto- and bifidobacteria), as well as opportunistic( fungi, clostridia, enterobacteria, staphylococci).In addition, due to the analysis of feces for dysbacteriosis, infants also detect pathogenic microbes - Shigella and Salmonella. Parents are usually interested in how to determine with this analysis the dysfunction of the intestine. Experts here primarily look at the quality of food assimilation.
If there is a lot of starch, fiber and acids not digested in the studied feces, then the organism of the newborn does not cope with the process of digesting food. Also there may be leukocytes and epithelial cells, which appear due to inflammation occurring on the posterior intestinal wall. Such data are characteristic of feces taken from the infants for analysis to confirm the development of dysbiosis, during a copious liquid stool with a large amount of water in it, which has a light color. With such signs of the newborn, thirst is constantly agonizing, since the developing intestinal pathology leads to dehydration.
Collection of feces for infants for analysis for dysbiosis
In order for the study to give the most accurate results, the baby should be properly prepared for it. At least three days before the test for dysbiosis, the baby should not receive new food, only breast milk( in case of such feeding the mother should not change her usual diet) or the usual mixture. He is not given vitamins and medications, and also does not introduce new lures, since all this can affect the results. Not even Simethicone or Plantex preparations are recommended. Prohibited and the use of rectal suppositories. How is it necessary to collect feces for analysis to determine the presence of dysbiosis in infants?
Collection of material for research should be done in a special sterile container, which is purchased at the pharmacy. The convenience of it is that a special spoon is attached to the tightly fitting lid, which is very convenient to collect the amount of feces needed for analysis. An alternative option for collecting biomaterial for dysbiosis in infants can be a small jar, which should not only be washed well, but also boiled water.
The most common method of collection is the contents of the diaper, only for this purpose it is necessary to take a disposable gauze. In this case, a plastic spoon can serve as a picking tool. It is much more difficult to collect a loose stool for analysis on a dysbacteriosis in a baby. For this purpose, it is possible to use a pediatric urinal or a medical nail placed under the baby.
Collected feces for research should be delivered to the laboratory in fresh form. But due to the fact that the baby is forced to poke at a certain time is difficult enough, a short storage of the material for analysis on the dysbacteriosis in the refrigerator is allowed. You can resort to the method of stimulating the intestine by a gentle massage of the tummy, so that the collection of the test material is timely.