Often parents of infants face the situation when their child begins to suffer from dysbiosis, so there is a need for urgent treatment. The main symptom of intestinal dysbiosis in all newborns in this situation is usually the same: the chair in the very first days of development of this pathology is very fluid, greenish or frothy. It differs from that which should be in healthy crumbs, as a result of which the doctor recommends that parents conduct a feces analysis.
If the presumptive diagnosis of the infant is confirmed, a therapy is administered, which is carried out in a complex way, and from medicines usually includes tremors, beneficial bacteria or special preparations intended to restore the microflora of the digestive organs. When pathogenic microorganisms are found in the mother's milk, it is recommended to replace it with alternative types of feeding.
Signs of dysbiosis in infants
One can understand the anxiety of young parents in the case of setting a newborn such a diagnosis. All of them begin to torment the question of what to do and how to relieve unpleasant symptoms. Is it necessary to worry, and what should be done in this situation? Traditionally, every mom worries when confronted with her. However, it should be noted that dysbacteriosis in infants is observed, although not uncommon, but his problem is not too critical, so you can quickly cope with it, following all the advice and recommendations of a specialist.
The manifestations of dysbacteriosis in infants are often confused with meconium, which is the first chair of the newborn. This is a sticky, black mixture, similar in its consistency to resin and without any smell. As the child feeds the baby with milk, the feces change, the darker shade becomes lighter, and by the fifth day of life the baby is already yellowish, reminiscent of pea soup or mustard. As you grow older, the amount of defecation is significantly reduced, which is quite normal. This happens after the expiration of 6 weeks after birth.
The very first signs of dysbacteriosis in newborns are usually found in the contents of diapers. Cal at this disease is usually frothy, containing some impurities of mucus, and sometimes even blood veins. This is the main symptom of developing pathology. Whatever the reason did not contribute to this, if it persists for a long time, this will inevitably lead to a breakdown in the intestinal microflora and development of a further symptomatology of dysbiosis in the infant. Pathology passes on its own in most cases. It is only necessary to organize the proper nutrition of the monthly children.
But in the case when a large number of bloody veins are present in the feces of the infant, the situation becomes more complicated. This symptom shows not only the transitional form of dysbiosis, which happens in all young children. He requires an immediate appeal to a specialist, since it may be a symptom of a trauma to the intestinal mucosa of a newborn. And this requires more serious treatment.
Changes in the stools of babies with dysbacteriosis usually occur against a background of symptoms such as bloating and rumbling in it, a feeling of strong colicky pains, frequent regurgitation. All these signs of dysbacteriosis in infants are manifested, as a rule, after feeding. The pathology that develops in infants is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Newborns gain weight very poorly, and sometimes even lose it;
- Regurgitation between feedings may result in vomiting;
- Skin changes and a rash is noticeable.
Also, dysbacteriosis in infants helps to weaken the immune system and the appearance of a symptom such as fever. In some cases, the disease proceeds secretly, and it is possible to suggest its development only for a number of non-specific signs.
Rash in infants with dysbiosis
Babies with this pathology often have a symptom such as a rash. The reason for its appearance is easy to explain. Dysbacteriosis is closely related to allergy, since it always occurs against the background of changes in the composition of the microflora of the digestive organs. The causes of the appearance of a rash on the body of a child usually become:
- Artificial feeding;
- Injuries received by a newborn during childbirth;
- Reception by the mother during the feeding of prohibited medicines.
Also, the appearance of skin manifestations in dysbacteriosis in infants is associated with a decrease in beneficial bacteria involved in the production of vitamins necessary for the body. In addition, in the intestine there is a violation of absorption of important for the body of newborn proteins and fatty acids. The appearance of dots and peeling of the skin is accompanied by insufficient weight gain. A distinctive feature of this symptom of dysbacteriosis, which appeared in a newborn, is that it can occur both with artificial and breastfeeding, and does not go through even if the ration changes.
Treatment of symptoms of dysbacteriosis in infants should only take place when the cause is treated, since if it is eliminated and the dysbacteriosis continues to develop, the rashes on the baby's body will appear again.
Temperature for dysbacteriosis in infants
Due to the fact that dysfunction of the digestive system is very common among infants, many parents are interested in signs that indicate the beginning of its development. It is often possible to hear the question of the possibility of increasing the temperature with this disease. Here it should be said that this symptom is always present. Usually, its increase is insignificant, but there are cases when the temperature of monthly children becomes very high. With this complication, especially if the newborn has loose stools and abdominal pain, the doctor should be called immediately and treated:
- Antibiotic therapy can be prescribed only in cases of severe inflammation. The main task is getting rid of the actively developing pathogens accumulated in the intestine. For this, newborns should take antimicrobials;
- Along with antibiotics, with this symptom of the dysbacteriosis of the baby, it is necessary to start taking supplements that support immunity and digestion. These include lactobacilli. For the convenience of their use in the therapy of newborns, special capsules have been developed;
- Intestinal flora, disfigured in infants with dysbiosis, is reconstituted with probiotic, containing live bacteria, and prebiotic, non-bacterial origin preparations. Thanks to them, the work of the digestive organ is adjusted in monthly children and, accordingly, such a symptom is removed;
- In the treatment of dysbacteriosis in infants, it is necessary to pay attention to their feeding. It is not necessary to introduce in the diet of lures that can give side effects, as well as to change the mixture of babies on artificial feeding.
In one-year-old children, the cause of temperature with dysbiosis can be the presence of helminthic invasions, which are killers of nutrients.
Symptoms of dysbiosis in one-year-old children
The signs of this pathology in children can not be called specific. If in babies such manifestations as abdominal distention, stool disorders and frequent regurgitation, in one-year-old children the symptoms of dysbacteriosis begin to resemble colitis or other inflammatory pathologies of the digestive tract. This is due to the fact that in the case of a disease at one-year age, it develops as a secondary disease that has arisen against a background of some kind of disease. Symptoms of dysbiosis in one-year-old children are always similar to those in the primary infant:
- Frequent constipation, or, conversely, diarrhea. Both of these features can be present simultaneously, replacing each other;
- Cramping abdominal pain accompanied by bloating, increased gas production and flatulence;
- Presence in slimes of undigested food and mucus.
In one-year-old children, as well as in infants, the intestinal symptoms of dysbiosis will be temperature, rash, flaky skin.
Methods of treatment of dysbiosis in nursing children her
Usually, therapeutic measures to get rid of babies from the signs of this pathology are successfully carried out at home. Almost always it is enough to normalize the nutrition and include in the diet products containing bifidobacteria , which contribute to the restoration of normal microflora. But it often turns out that the symptoms accompanying dysbacteriosis are very serious: high temperature against a very frequent watery stool and vomiting that can lead to dehydration. In this case, to take a wait-and-see attitude is by no means possible, as it will lead to very serious problems. In this case, infants should receive the necessary treatment for dysbacteriosis in the hospital. It will be carried out in several stages and first of all it is directed to the removal of severe symptoms that ease the condition of the baby. At the same time, the pathogenic microflora that develops in the intestine and removes the signs of inflammation accompanying the pathology is being combated.