Symptoms of stomach ulcer: nausea, vomiting, heartburn. How are they manifested? In which cases? Are they dangerous?

In the group of special risk of ulcers are people who suffer from chronic diseases of the digestive tract( cholecystitis, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, pancreatitis).Ulcerous formations in the stomach very often make themselves felt as a result of the transferred stresses, bad habits, malnutrition.

A person sometimes does not react to the appearance of symptoms( heartburn, nausea, vomiting), counting on their self-elimination. This erroneous opinion only aggravates the patient's condition.

When does nausea occur with a stomach ulcer?

The mechanism of nausea in gastric ulcer is the activation of celiac and vagus nerve endings as a result of spasm. They are the constituent parts of the autonomic nervous system. It is from her signal comes into the medulla oblongata, where the vomiting center is located.

Very often, nausea is accompanied by sharp pain, burning in the stomach, lowering pressure, loss of concentration, dizziness. If you have nausea, you should use the medications prescribed by your doctor( Cerucal, Motilium), drink some water and lie down. Nausea is most often manifested when the disease worsens. Usually it occurs in the morning on an empty stomach or after a meal, while there is an active secretion of saliva.

Vomiting in peptic ulcer

Nausea, which occurs during severe pain attacks, can activate a vomitive reflex. This happens in about 60% of cases. Vomiting with peptic ulcer passes relatively quickly, but with minor discomfort. It facilitates the patient's condition for a certain time, since the delay in food in the stomach is eliminated. Due to this, the production of gastric juice stops, which reduces pain. Vomit has a mucous, translucent consistency, in which food, in most cases, does not enter. Usually, vomiting occurs earlier, and the pain may remain for some time. With the advanced phases of the disease, this symptom is observed more often.

Vomiting in the stomach ulcer in the acute stage is often persistent and prolonged. This is a very painful process that occurs almost immediately after ingestion. In such a case, the vomit masses may have leftovers of untreated food. If the stomach ulcer manifests vomiting with blood, then this often indicates a bleeding. Such signs can have serious consequences, therefore it is necessary urgently to address to the gastroenterologist for diagnosing the disease and the appointment of appropriate therapy.

Heartburn with stomach ulcer and burp

Heartburn with stomach ulcer can bother the patient for several reasons:

  • Increased acidity of gastric juice that provokes damage to the mucous membrane. This gives a burning sensation.
  • Decrease in the function of contraction of the walls of the stomach, which increases the residence time of food in the gastric cavity. Accordingly, there is more casting of leftovers in the esophagus.
  • Narrowing of the walls of the stomach( stenosis).Such a deviation provokes stagnation of food and ingestion of gastric juice into the esophagus. As a result of this, stomach ulcer is often troubled by a sour eructation.

Burn sensation, which affects the majority of patients, often develops into acute pain. This is one of the first symptoms of an ulcer. Heartburn in the later stages of the disease can disappear by itself, or not appear at all. Instead, there is a burning, severe pain, which is called an initial heartburn. It is the most intense and unbearable, and you can get rid of it only with the help of appropriate medications and a special diet prescribed by the attending physician - gastroenterologist.

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