Fennel is a useful plant that is used in medicine and cooking. In order to understand exactly what this plant is, it is worth looking at the fennel picture and getting acquainted with its detailed description of how it is planted, in what spheres of cooking and medicine are used.
Fennel fruits - useful properties and contraindications to the plant
Therapeutic properties and contraindications to fennel
What distinguishes fennel from fennel
Correctly grow fennel from seeds
Burdock - photo and plant description
Fennel is a perennial plant belonging to the umbrella family. One of the close relatives of this plant is celery, but to taste and partly in appearance it resembles dill, sometimes even slight confusion arises. Sometimes fennel is even called a pharmacy dill.
How fennel looks fresh
Pharmaceutical dill is a low plant resembling grass. A distinctive feature is a large, fleshy root, straight stems, covered with small ovate triangular leaves, leave from it. The closer to the tip of the stem, the smaller the leaves. Inflorescences of this plant are collected in umbrellas of yellow small flowers.
Fennel fruit is a double-sylvan elongated form. The leaves and stems are always covered with a blue bloom that can be seen on the photo of the plant. The flavor of the seasoning starts in the summer, by the middle of autumn fruits appear. Since fennel growth requires chernozem, fertile soil of good quality, wild-growing occurs in Central Asia and Transcaucasia.
Important! Despite the possible difficulties, the pharmacy fennel can be grown on its own.
Fennel seeds are small, in large numbers are inside the fetus. Usually they are used as a basis for the manufacture of essential oil with fruits, without extracting them.
Fennel can be grown independently, cultivation is done by seed method. Plant seasoning in early spring, the soil must be abundantly fertilized, it should be as good as possible. When sowing the distance between the rows should be up to two meters, the plant should be weeded after the appearance of two full leaflets on the shoots.
It's easy to take care of a growing pharmacy dill, you just need to constantly feed, loosen the soil and remove the weeds in time. Within a month and a half after sowing, you can collect leaves and stems.
The pharmacy dill contains a large number of vitamins and essential oils that allow it to be used in cooking and medicine. Food is usually used leaves of this plant, they have a pronounced spicy smell and taste, reminiscent of anise. Some people also find tarragon and mint notes.
But most often fennel fruits are made up of concentrated oil, which can be used universally. In cooking, it is added to vegetable main dishes, canned food, bread and pastries to give a spicy flavor. Plant seeds are included in the recipe of the correct absinthe.
Important! Despite all the positive properties, fennel should be used with caution, foods with a high content of essential oils often provoke allergies.
Therapeutic properties of
Based on fennel, a known "dill vodichku" is produced, which has a pronounced carminative effect, which is often used in young children and sometimes adults to get rid of gases and swelling. This agent acts very gently, improving the work of the intestines, resulting in the disappearance of gases.
Veterinary effect is one of the basic properties of fennel. Dill Vodichka is usually made from fruit or oil of a plant. Despite the name, the usual dill has little to do with it and does not have such a pronounced carminative effect.
In addition, in fennel expressed tonic, normalizing the work of the nervous system properties, it is advised to people suffering from insomnia, constantly nervous tension.
This plant is useful for women's health. It helps to get rid of severe pain during menstruation, to normalize the cycle due to spasmolytic and toning up the body properties. In lactating women, it improves lactation.
Fennel helps with various diseases of the respiratory tract, has expectorant properties, helps alleviate cough and other symptoms. Usually it is used for chronic bronchitis, various colds.
In addition, this seasoning is often used for weight loss. Fennel has a light diuretic, diuretic, effect, which helps to lose weight faster when used rationally. Also, thanks to the digestive properties improving metabolism, it becomes easier to lose weight.
This plant and products based on it have a number of rather strict contraindications. It is always advised to take it in small amounts, since a large number of essential oils extremely often provokes an allergy. Also, do not use fennel in the following cases:
- in pregnancy, because antispasmodic and other properties of the plant can trigger a generic activity;
- for epilepsy and other serious neurological disorders;
- for diarrhea and other digestive disorders, which may cause diarrhea;
- for various disorders of the heart rhythm.
These are the main contraindications. Also, during the use of fennel, allergies can occur, it can manifest itself in different ways. If there are rashes and other manifestations from the use of seasoning should be discarded.
Dill and fennel: difference
Fennel and dill are very similar plants, they belong to the umbrella family, they are used as a seasoning and medicine. Because of the similarity, fennel is often called a pharmacy dill, although in fact there are more differences between plants than similarities.
In appearance, fennel is much bushy, it has more powerful stems and a fleshy root. Also, this plant has a much stronger spicy aroma, dill has a fresh, spicy smell, from the pharmacy fennel, the smell is more like anise, tarragon or mint. He also has larger seeds, often more juicy stems.
It is also worth noting that plants have different compositions of essential oils that affect their medicinal and other properties. Fennel has a much more pronounced carminative, spasmolytic effect, other properties that help fight colds.
Conventional dill is not so often used in medicine, its carminative effect is rather weak. Dill is often used as a diuretic with a fairly mild effect. In this case, he has almost no expectorant properties.
However, both plants are extremely useful for the body, if taken in reasonable quantities. Dill and fennel help to fight a number of diseases, it is worth noting that sometimes both plants combine together to enhance their effect.