With the beginning of pregnancy and during the entire nine-month period of bearing a child in the woman's body, there are serious changes in adaptation to new conditions. Diarrhea can be considered one of the manifestations of functional disorder with the ongoing major hormonal changes. However, diarrhea in the early stages of pregnancy can be caused by causes other than physiological, which threatens with negative consequences for both the woman and her child.
Diarrhea in the early stages caused by external factors can be divided into the following types:
- Secretory form, in which the ability to absorb fluid by the walls of the intestines is reduced, and the stool is plentiful and very liquid.
- Hyperexudative, provoked by inflammatory-infectious processes of internal organs. In the stool, blood, mucus, and pus are noted.
- Osmolar in the absence of enzymes with food residues in liquid diarrhea.
- Diarrhea in the early stages of motor disorders with abundant calves of mushy consistency.
Any of these types of diarrhea early in pregnancy is very dangerous. First, a constant liquid stool can lead to dehydration of the body, which contributes to the loss of nutrients, a fertilized egg and oxygen starvation. Then diarrhea in the first weeks of pregnancy( 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th), caused by infectious causes, when there are no protective mechanisms, can lead to infection of the fetus. In addition, increased intestinal peristalsis causes an increase in the tone of the uterus, increasing the threat of miscarriage. Therefore diarrhea in the first trimester of pregnancy is a signal of a malfunction in the body, especially if they are accompanied by other symptoms and a visit to a women's consultation becomes necessary.
Diarrhea in early pregnancy
Among the main causes of diarrhea in the early stages can be identified:
- Changes in the habitual diet, when a woman refuses some products and has an increased need for unusual combinations of products.
- Toxicosis caused by hormonal reorganization.
- Increased nervousness.
- Poisoning of substandard or not fresh food.
- Infection with intestinal parasites, worms.
- Non-compliance with dosage when taking laxatives.
The first thing to do with diarrhea in the early stages is to calm down, excessive nervousness only strengthens and prolongs the manifestations of diarrhea. Further actions are aimed at stabilizing the general state. The most safe and suitable at home for this purpose is the drug Regidron. Diarrhea in the first weeks of pregnancy can be a companion of toxicosis and in this case does not require taking any special measures to stop it.
The toxicity is indicated by the simultaneous presence of three signs:
- loose stool.
However, such a triad of symptoms may also indicate pathological changes in the gastrointestinal tract or the threat of the development of severe gestosis. Characteristic features of toxicosis in diarrhea in the early stages is the inconstancy, sudden appearance, periodicity and long duration of the manifestation of these symptoms. If the toxicosis does not affect the general condition of a woman, then just go to a special diet. At the same time, only fresh products are used without sharp, irritating odors in the form of porridges or boiled, baked form. To restore the loss of liquid alkaline non-carbonated mineral water, compotes from dried fruits without sugar, herbal teas, based on oak bark, are recommended.
Diarrhea at 4, 5, 6, 7 weeks of gestation
Diarrhea in the first trimester is divided according to the degree of danger, depending on the period. To understand what measures must be taken to treat diarrhea in the first trimester, you need to know exactly how the early waiting periods for the baby take place weekly. The first two weeks the egg moves to the uterus and the embryo is anchored into its wall. On the 4th, palpitation is noted, and external signs appear:
- absence of menstruation;
- increased fatigue and drowsiness;
- manifestations of nausea in the morning.
Diarrhea at the 4th week of pregnancy caused by an infection or bacteria can affect the baby's cardiac activity. On the 5th, the development of the central nervous system of the embryo begins and the face is formed. Diarrhea at the 5th week of pregnancy, at which the amount of folic acid needed for the development of the central nervous system and brain can decrease, can affect their full development. In the period from 6 to 9 weeks, the embryo changes and turns into a fetus, surrounded by a protective layer in the form of the placenta, which replaces the baby's lungs, stomach, kidneys and liver.
6 weeks of pregnancy and diarrhea with nausea and vomiting means toxicosis. Diarrhea at the 7th week of pregnancy is very strong, especially if it is accompanied by pain and temperature is the most dangerous in the early stages of pregnancy. Therefore, there is an urgent need to establish the causes of the disorder for a rapid onset of treatment.