1 Causes of
The main cause of any headache, regardless of its location, are neuralgic diseases and disorders.
Among other disorders, the leader because of the occurrence of frequent and prolonged pain in the eyebrows is a migraine. The pain with migraine appears very sharply, the attack is quite long - the pain can torment a person from several hours to several days. During the onset of an attack, the problem is localized around the forehead, and then reaches the eyebrows and eyes. Pain with migraine is often accompanied by severe nausea, which leads to vomiting. Over time, a person begins to feel very tired and irritated.
The sensation that the eyeburn hurts, can arise at infringement of an occipital nerve. Pain can be felt in the forehead, eyes and temples. To the infringement of the nerve leads to severe stress or depression. During a nervous and emotional shock, the muscles of the neck are overextended and the nerve is severely squeezed. Initially, the pathology arises in the back of the head, and then gives back to the forehead and eyebrows.
Headache above the eyebrows and with infringement of the vessels of the neck. Vessels are already, blood, which is transmitted to the brain, less. Thus, there is oxygen starvation. It is expressed by the following symptoms: pain in the forehead and above the eyebrows, impairment of sight and hearing, memory and thought activity. A person may have frequent fainting and trouble sleeping.
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In patients with neuralgic pain, the following symptoms can occur: tinnitus and vision changes, eye nerve damage and disruption of normal pupil movement, soreness in the pressure of certain arteries in the forehead and temples, and retinal hemorrhage.
The pathology above the eyebrow in women appears with sudden hormonal bursts that occur during pregnancy and the onset of the menstrual cycle. Pain may be similar to pain in inflammation, only with a hormonal surge there is no runny nose. Strong and frequent headaches occur during puberty and are one of the symptoms of the approach of menopause.
The forehead hurts when the organism is intoxicated, the most common form of which is a hangover. The reason may also be the frequent use of spicy and strongly flavored food.
Pain in the eyebrow area occurs with various craniocerebral injuries. This can be as little damage or dissection of the eyebrow itself, as well as a serious craniocerebral injury, in which there is a strong intracranial pressure.
Diseases in which this pathology occurs in the eyebrow, forehead, between the eyes:
- various infectious diseases, including influenza and SARS;
- trigeminal neuralgia;
- diseases of ENT organs - sinusitis and frontalitis;
- meningitis, etc.
2 Craniocerebral injury
Eyebrow trauma can occur when a foreign object falls, strikes and hits. There are a lot of blood vessels in the eyebrows area, therefore, traumatic bleeding is quite severe.
Severe pain in the eyebrow area after trauma indicates severe trauma and penetration of infection into the wound. In the absence of medical care and inspection, the infection can penetrate deeper and affect nearby tissues, including the brain.
If the incision and bleeding in the eyebrow area after the injury is not present, and the pain is present, this indicates a serious injury, increased intracranial pressure and concussion. The pain is accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting, impaired orientation in space, dizziness.
To avoid serious consequences during the dissection of the eyebrow and head trauma, the following assistance should be provided to the victim:
- with closed trauma: attach a wet towel or ice pack to the place of injury;
- with open trauma: try to stop bleeding, treat the edges of the wound with iodine or hydrogen peroxide;
- ask the victim for headaches, dizziness and nausea;
- call an ambulance;
- before her arrival to maintain a conversation with the victim, ask him about his health.
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In case of any head injury, especially if it is accompanied by bleeding and severe headache, it is necessary to urgently consult a surgeon and a neurologist for a detailed examination and treatment.
Inflammation of the frontal sinuses always causes severe pain in the area above the eyebrows and between the eyes. The disease affects not only the frontal sinus, but also the sinuses of the nose.
The cause of the frontitis, like sinusitis, is a prolonged runny nose with allergies and colds. Also, the frontitis is a complication of SARS, influenza and other infectious diseases. The disease is more severe than sinusitis and sinusitis.
The main symptom of the frontitis is a severe headache in the area above the eyebrows and in the forehead. The greatest intensity of pain manifests in the morning. At this time, it becomes unbearable. The pain subsides only after the sinuses are cleared, and eventually renews. Together with the pain there is a strong swelling over the eye and in the area of the affected frontal sinus.
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During frontal pain, a strong photophobia and impaired sense of smell are added to the pain in the forehead and eyebrows area. If the inflammation is a complication of the cold, the person raises the temperature, the color of the forehead above the eyebrows changes, the pain can increase significantly, especially when pressed in the area between the eyes.
To ease the headache at the front, you can use a constant rinse of the nasal sinuses to get rid of mucus and pus. For this, you can use Naphthyzin for adults and a solution of sea salt for the treatment of children.
If there is no temperature, the pain syndrome will help to reduce inhalations with special aerosols with antibiotics and warming up with blue lamps.
In most cases conservative treatment helps to cope, in others surgical intervention is necessary. This cuts the eyebrows right up to the inner corner of the eye.
4 Treatment measures
Treatment of this pathology must begin with a definition of the cause of its occurrence.
If the attacks of pain are very frequent and strong, analgesics( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) will help to cope with them.
Depending on the cause and intensity of the pathology, medications can ease pain or remove it for a period, but you can not completely cope with the cause of the problem in this way.
With small pains that interfere with normal life, you can use drugs that contain drotaverinn( No-shpa).This substance helps to relieve vasospasm, which is the primary cause of pain.
Pains in the forehead that appear with mild trauma, increased pressure, monthly, stop with drugs based on metamizole sodium( Baralgin, Analgin) and nimesulida( Nimulid, Naiz).
To cope with the pathology in the violation of vascular activity, with intoxication, including with a hangover, drugs based on acetylsalicylic acid( Uppsarin Uppsa, Aspirin) help. Acid relieves spasm of blood vessels and removes pain syndrome.
If this problem is caused by temperature, infectious diseases, etc., drugs based on ibuprofen and paracetamol( Ibufen, Panadol, Mig, etc.) will come to the rescue.
For severe headaches, it is necessary to take drugs that contain a complex of active substances( Sedalgin, Pentalgin, Citramon, Tetralgin).
To facilitate the condition in this pathology will help massage of the eyebrows and forehead, regular sleep and the use of some sedative( sedatives), vitamin complexes.