Education on the mucosa of the urinary bladder, which rises in the cavity of the organ and has a benign character, is called a polyp. The polyp can have a thin pedicle, there are formations of this genus and without a pedicle.
The concept of
The mucosa under certain circumstances has the property of expanding, increasing its area, thereby making a multitude of polyps.
The danger of this phenomenon is that:
- overgrowth of polyps located near the entrance to the ureter may interfere with the normal functioning of the organ;
- polyposis formation has the property of regenerating into cancer tumors.
When a polyp is found in the bladder area, for further assessment of the situation it matters:
- size of formation,
- polyp form,
- dislocation problem.
Reasons for the formation of
The factors contributing to the formation of polyps on the internal walls of the bladder include:
- genetic predisposition to the disease,
- metabolic disorder in the bladde
- chronic inflammation,
- adverse environmental conditions,
- smoking is also a cause of riskpolyps.
In this disease, heredity is of great importance. If there is a knowledge of such diseases among relatives, then you should take information as a warning and show your doctor more often. This is especially true of men.
Symptoms of polyps in the bladder in men and women
Usually, the presence of polyps on the walls of the bladder passes for a person imperceptibly. In such cases, they are sometimes found accidentally when examining other problems.
When the pathology acquires significant dimensions or the polyp is injured, or begins to break down from time to time, there may appear such symptoms:
- Urine is pink, which indicates bleeding from the site of attachment of the polyp to the wall of the bladder. The presence of blood can be visually invisible, then this factor reveals the analysis of urine.
- If the lesions are located in the ureter and cause difficulty in moving the urine, this will be manifested by delays in urination and pain.
- Frequent manifestations of inflammatory processes in the bladder.
Diagnosis of the pathology of
Polyps are detected and examined by such methods:
- ultrasound - procedure is able to identify pathology and tell:
- about the form form,
- which structure has polyps,
- pathology size.
- Urine analysis is being studied.
- Cystoscopy - a method of diagnosis is used when it is necessary to clarify information about polyps, the procedure can determine whether polyps are degenerated into malignant formation. The mini chamber is inserted into the bladder cavity. From it, images are transferred to the monitor. The method provides information on all the parameters of education necessary for diagnosis. Finding the equipment inside the organ makes it possible to take a small piece of polyp for research.
- Cystography can also be selected as a method for diagnosing polyps. This is an X-ray study using contrast agents. First they are injected into the bladder cavity, and then the procedure is performed. Due to the contrast, the polyps are clearly visible on the walls of the organ.
Methods for treating bladder polyps
If the polyps are small, do not pose a threat to the normal functioning of the organ, then such formations are kept under control and do not take any therapeutic measures.
Operative intervention is recommended in cases:
- polyp has large dimensions or proliferation of pathology( several polyps) strongly protrudes into body cavity,
- is observed progression of formations;
- urine contains blood secretion, which can speak of bleeding from the site of attachment of the polyp and possible necrosis;
- polyps are located in the area of the entrance to the ureter and are an obstacle to normal outflow of fluid;
- threat of degeneration of polyps into cancers.
Methods for medical treatment of polyps have not been developed.
- treat inflammatory processes in time,
- exclude from the menu dishes containing chemical additives and components that create mucus in the body;
- folk medicine advises:
- to consume dill and parsley,
- to take tincture or decoction of celandine,
- to take preparations made from mushroom mushrooms and fly agaric,
- herbal tinctures.
Removal of polyps is done endoscopically by means of a cystoscope. Diathermocoagulant is part of the apparatus that is inserted into the bladder through the ureter to perform the procedure.
The device performs surgical operations with a special loop. Operative intervention is accompanied by video surveillance.
The loop covers the polyp, heats up to a certain temperature and cuts off the formation. At the same time, the vessels of the bladder wall are traumatized when the polyp is removed from the tissue of the bladder wall. The operation is performed using general anesthesia.
The procedure is bloodless due to the fact that the vessels are sealed. After removal of polyps, the patient needs a long-term follow-up by a specialist.
After endoscopic surgery, patients recover quickly and have the opportunity to continue active life, following the recommendations of doctors.
Every six months, a bladder examination should be performed, only three times. Then a diagnostic examination should be done once a year.
Forecast of the disease
It is noticed that one-tenth of all patients with a diagnosis of polyps of the bladder undergo their transformation into oncological formations. Such a development of events can be avoided by timely diagnosis and removal of polyps.
There is a variety of polyps that are prone to resume their growth in 9% of cases, another type of formation creates a relapse in two thirds of the total number of patients with polyps.
The video shows ultrasound diagnosis of bladder polyps: