The polyp of the caecum is a benign neoplasm, which consists of the cells of the mucous organ. Outwardly it looks like a mushroom, it has an oval-shaped head and a long leg. Sometimes, instead of a leg, there may be a wide base, and the head of a polyp may look like a cauliflower inflorescence.
Since the caecum is on the right side of the ileum, the manifestation of the symptoms of the pathology described will be manifested here. The caecum is part of the large intestine, its very initial section, which has the shape of a hemisphere. The length of the described section can reach up to 10 cm, the width in the largest lower part is 9 cm. It is in this lower part that polyps are most often formed. To understand why this happens, the anatomy and functions of the organ described will help.
Symptoms of polyps in the caecum
In most people, the caecum is surrounded by the peritoneum and moves freely. This site is topographically located below the iliac region, its projection is on the anterior wall of the abdomen, located in the groin on the right side. Therefore, the symptoms of polyps in the cecum manifest themselves here, but they manifest only when they grow to large sizes.
Patients often complain of the appearance of severe pain, which is noisy. At palpation the organ seems dense, on the right side there is a swelling of the abdomen, in fecal masses there are blood veins. The chair changes in the direction of constipation, because of persistent bleeding anemia develops, a person, despite a good appetite, sharply loses weight, there is a feeling of weakness, rapid fatigue.
Five centimeters above the inguinal ligament is the dome of the cecum, it is directed towards the small pelvis, because of the difficulty of accessing the polyp of the dome of the cecum, it is extremely difficult to diagnose, but it appears here quite rarely. Various factors can provoke disturbances in the process of cell renewal of the mucosa. This is:
- Hereditary predisposition.
- Presence of persistent chronic diseases.
- Frequent constipation.
- Wrong gastronomic habits.
If the neoplasm is small, the symptoms do not appear. Large neoplasms, first of all, form intestinal obstruction, which is why strong spasms appear. Large polyps are able to express and perforate the wall of the cecum, resulting in bleeding - the main symptom of polyps.
Features of treatment of polyps of the caecum
Cure the growth is medically impossible. Treatment is reduced to the removal of a benign growth. There are several types of surgical intervention that help to eliminate the described problem. The choice of this or that option depends on the location of the tumor, on its size, the number of meat growths.
If the polyp of the caecum is small( up to 2 cm), it is removed by electrocoagulation through the colonoscope. Multiple lesions of the organ have more vivid symptoms, they can be eliminated only by cutting the affected part of the intestine or the wall.
Ignore this diagnosis and leave it on its own, the development of polyps can not, because the symptoms of advanced stages are similar to those of the first stages of colon cancer. This describes the pathology and is dangerous. In 30% of cases, the formation is expressed and degenerates into a malignant tumor, which is very difficult to treat. That is why official medicine insists on finding a polyp in the dome of the cecum or in its lower part at the immediate removal of a benign neoplasm. This is the only way to prevent the most dangerous complications.