Reactive pancreatitis is one of the most common diseases of the abdominal cavity, which is manifested by inflammation of the pancreas and is a response to chronic exacerbation of the internal organs( gastric ulcer, cystitis, gastritis, cholecystitis), overeating and abuse of fatty foods and alcohol,stress or trauma.
If attacks induced by chronic stress are more of a feminine form of pancreatitis, the reactive inflammation of the pancreas caused by overeating and alcohol is most common in men. Fat food and strong alcohol increases the pressure in the duodenum, which complicates the outflow, produced by the gland of pancreatic juice. If such changes in the pancreas occur continuously, then a response to this aggressive behavior will be an attack of the disease.
Reactive traumatic pancreatitis is manifested when a stomach injury occurs when pancreatic tissue damage. With pathological changes in the injured organ, digestive enzymes can not freely enter the duodenum and begin to digest the organ itself, destroying its tissues.
In case of an attack of reactive pancreatitis, which is accompanied by a number of specific signs and symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. Since pathological processes can lead to irreversible changes in the pancreas, which is quite dangerous for health.
Symptoms of reactive pancreatitis
The main sign of reactive pancreatic inflammation is severe blunt or cutting pain. The pain symptom can be manifested in different parts of the abdomen. It depends on which part of the gland the changes occurred:
- if the head of the organ is affected, the pain will be manifested in the hypochondrium on the right;
- if pathological changes have occurred in the body of the gland, then signs of discomfort and pain will bother in the area of the spoon;
- , the defeat of the tail will cause a pain symptom in the hypochondrium on the left side;
- if the inflammatory process has spread throughout the body, the pain will be shrouded;
- pain caused by changes in the structure of the organ can be so strong that it can cause a pain shock with loss of consciousness.
The manifestation of pain is only one of many signs of reactive pancreatitis. Other symptoms of pancreatic damage are:
- multiple, painful vomiting;
- dryness and bitter taste of bile in the mouth;
- hiccough, eructation, severe salivation, aversion to acute and fatty foods, or a complete loss of appetite.
If the inflammatory process and pathological changes in the reactive pancreatitis progress, then the main signs are added such symptoms as high temperature, pallor, dyspnea, sticky sweat, high blood pressure and rapid heart rate.
Sometimes, vomiting and lack of appetite, which are common symptoms of reactive pancreatitis, can lead to a decrease in body temperature and blood pressure of the patient.
Treatment for symptoms of reactive pancreatitis
Treatment of symptoms of pancreatitis reactive form should be carried out in complex with careful monitoring of their diet and diet. Self-medication, in this case, is categorically contraindicated, otherwise the disease can go on into a chronic form.
Treatment begins with the complete restoration of the digestive tract( gastrointestinal tract).In the first few days of exacerbation, it is recommended to stick to a hunger diet for pancreas rest.
Direct therapy begins with a dropper using anesthetic injections. Use of diuretics will help to remove swelling. In addition, medications with symptoms of reactive pancreatitis are provided with drugs that have the ability to suppress the secretion of pancreatic juice, as well as those drugs that have a beneficial effect on the bile ducts and improve the functionality of the duodenum.
It is extremely important to follow a strict diet, which should include only healthy food. It should be completely abandoned: fried, salty, fatty, smoked, sweet, alcohol. But the liquid should always be present in the diet.
Complex therapy of symptoms of reactive pancreatitis includes drugs that reduce gastric spasms( H-shpa), as well as the reception of bacteria that improve the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract.