When there is a simultaneous green diarrhea and vomiting in an adult, it is not difficult to make an accurate diagnosis by yourself if you carefully listen to the reaction of your own organism. In fact, there are several reasons for the formation of diarrhea and malaise associated with it, but each leads to the formation of a large number of dangerous toxins, from which the body tries to get rid of itself, pushing them out.
If a person tears, and diarrhea only increases, it is necessary to immediately call a doctor, and before his arrival try to give the patient first aid. What do you need to do for this? To answer this question will help to describe the main causes of diarrhea and the listing of symptoms associated with provocative factors.
Causes of vomiting and diarrhea
If vomiting and diarrhea occur at the same time, the reasons for their appearance may be very different.
Often, vomiting and severe diarrhea occur due to food poisoning or alcohol poisoning. The first signs of diarrhea appear only a few hours after ingestion of a provoker( poor-quality products, pathogens, a lot of alcohol).To recognize an upset stomach is easy:
- Appears stinking diarrhea.
- In the liquid stool, there are undigested food residues.
- Nausea provokes repeated constant vomiting.
- The patient experiences weakness, dizziness appears, body temperature rises, it causes chills.
- In the abdomen there are painful spasms, flatulence, which is accompanied by abundant salivation.
If vomiting and diarrhea are a result of an upset stomach, first aid to the patient can be provided at home. It is necessary to rinse the stomach, then every 15 minutes you need to give him an enterosorbent. It is important to try to provide a plentiful drinking and pastel regime, as well as to put the patient on a strict diet. When diarrhea in an adult person is accompanied by vomiting, after each of its attacks, it is necessary to give the patient a portion of a special drinking solution at a rate of 10 ml per kilogram of the patient's weight. In the first day, while the patient is constantly tearing, it is better not to eat anything at all. On other days, the diet is based on the use of vegetable soups, mucous decoctions. From the diet experts advise to exclude foods that can irritate the stomach and intestinal mucosa, the nutrition itself should be easy.
Vomiting and diarrhea from intestinal infections
Another type of disease in which the main symptoms become described are intestinal infections. They, in fact, a great many. The form of the course of a person's diarrhea depends on the pathogen. Getting into the gastrointestinal tract, pathogenic bacteria begin to multiply actively. For our body, not only are they dangerous, but also the products of their vital activity. It is they who can provoke adults to have a loose stool, acute gastritis with severe pain in the pit of stomach, enteritis, colitis with black vomiting and black diarrhea. The most dangerous in this situation is the development of dehydration, so it is so important not to miss the first signs of malaise.
If the cause of the described symptoms and diarrhea in an adult are intestinal infections, then they are aggravated, decreased appetite, headache, cramping abdominal pain, loose stools with mucus, or pus. Quite often there is blood in the stool. Sometimes the patient tears bile, and then there is a strong diarrhea - such a malaise is also the result of the defeat of intestinal infections.
How to distinguish diarrhea caused by a stomach disorder from an intestinal infection? It is impossible to do this on your own at home, so it is important to immediately contact the infectious disease specialist when these symptoms appear, only he will be able to find out the causes of vomiting with bile, and also to determine why diarrhea has occurred. And before his arrival, it is important to give the patient first aid. It consists of the following:
- Give the patient a separate room and a separate bowl. When it tears, put a separate basin.
- Provide him with a pastel mode.
- Cover with a blanket, if a person is suffering from chills, you can put a hot water bottle on your feet.
- You can rinse your stomach before the doctor arrives.
- If diarrhea is severe, it is important to organize a plentiful drinking regimen( after each urge give a special solution at a rate of 10 ml per kilogram of body).To prepare the solution, you can use Regidron( one sachet per liter of water).
- If the syndrome increases, it is necessary to give the absorbent( Smectum or Microsorb).
Do not take painkillers before the ambulance arrives, they will smear the clinical picture. Only a thorough examination will allow the appointment of treatment, but the diet for diarrhea and vomiting with bile will necessarily enter the therapeutic complex, nutrition should be adjusted and brought to the previous level.
Vomiting and diarrhea due to external factors
Vomiting and diarrhea in an adult person may also result from external factors: overdose with medical products, severe mental and physical overwork.
Recognize such diarrhea by the following signs: the presence of a headache, a sharp slowing of the pulse, the appearance of delirium, an allergic reaction in the form of a red rash on the body. A specific medical smell appears from the mouth, movement coordination is often violated, a person vomits violently. Emergency care for such manifestations is the same as in ordinary food poisoning.
Most doctors are inclined to believe that vomiting with bile and diarrhea, often appear as a result of a malfunction of the nervous system. Long-term stress, psychological fatigue in an adult person provokes a variety of diseases of the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system, diarrhea, among others. If a person tears - this is the first sign that the body begins to get rid of toxins and toxins on its own, but disturbances in the work of the nervous system can also provoke the appearance of such a symptom.
What explains vomiting and diarrhea with menstruation?
Light upset stomach and diarrhea during menstruation - not uncommon. Usually, they arise from stools due to hormonal changes in the background - the level of progesterone increases, it causes relaxation of the vaginal muscles, and smooth musculature of the intestine as well. As a rule, diarrhea passes along with the monthly, but if it appears along with vomiting with bile, it is worthwhile to see a doctor. Similar symptoms can occur for various reasons, according to what, can only say a specialist.
Whatever the causes of vomiting with bile and green diarrhea, it is necessary to go to normal nutrition after severe diarrhea very carefully, so the diet becomes the main component of an ambulance to the patient.
Features of the diet for vomiting and diarrhea
During the development of the acute phase of vomiting with diarrhea, there is, in general, nothing worth it. A plentiful drinking regimen and complete rest will help to survive the malaise with the least loss. On the first day of recovery, when the patient does not vomit, the diet is especially strict. It is allowed to eat oatmeal porridge, cooked on water without salt and sugar, to drink rice decoction with bread crumbs from lean bread. When the chair is liquid, as a drink, doctors recommend drinking black tea, compote from dried fruits and decoction of a dogrose without sugar. Everything else is completely forbidden.
The next day, the diet allows for some relaxation. In the diet can be introduced, boiled vegetables and cereals, cooked in milk, half diluted with water. On the third day low-fat steamed meat and fish are included in the diet, on the fourth day it is allowed to eat the usual food, but after each meal it is useful to drink enzyme-containing preparations, the green liquid stool after such treatment should disappear.
As you can see, both vomiting and diarrhea in an adult can occur for various reasons. First aid depends on what became a provocateur of diarrhea. Knowing why it throws bile, diarrhea arises, why in some cases they occur simultaneously, while in others, first vomiting, and then diarrhea, it is not difficult to cope with the initial panic and learn to provide first aid to the patient by adjusting the diet.