In our time, the problem of human intestinal problems caused by the presence of extraneous living organisms has become much more acute. Specialists distinguish 2 main groups of parasitic diseases that affect people - helminthiasis and protozoosis. The first include numerous types of worms that affect people, and to the second protozoa. Despite the fact that the representatives of these groups are significantly different in size, they are equally dangerous and can cause a large number of serious pathologies in the infected patient.
Helminthiases and intestinal protozoosis, which carry serious health problems, and sometimes even contribute to the development of pathologies that result in the death of the patient, need to be identified in a timely manner and to carry out the necessary specific measures to destroy their pathogens. For this, not only laboratory diagnosis of feces, urine, blood and sputum is performed, but also a complete examination of the patient. Only this will relieve the patient of the problems caused by these protozoan microorganisms and inferior worms.
Diagnosis of helminthiases and protozooses
To identify the causative agents of infection of the patient's body and associated diseases, the following laboratory methods of examination are used:
- Direct parasitological methods. For their conduct, a direct study of the corresponding developing pathology of the biomaterial( blood, urine, feces and ulcer contents) is used;
- Indirect, which include serological( immunological) blood tests. This analysis is based on the detection of protozooses and helminthiases due to the presence in it of antibodies to antigens of worms and protozoa. This type of diagnostics has a high degree of sensitivity and is convenient for mass application.
In clinical practice, immunological laboratory tests are conducted as complementary to a complex of clinical and instrumental diagnostics performed for the differential isolation of helminthiases and protozoosis from pathologies with a similar symptomatic pattern. Laboratory diagnosis of intestinal protozoal infections is made after detection in the analysis of scrapings from the intestinal mucosa, fresh, still warm feces or the contents of ulcers and abscesses of vegetative forms of protozoa that confirm the patient's protozoosis. For the accuracy of detection of helminthic invasion of one laboratory diagnosis, the study of blood and stool is not enough. A person who is suspected of having this scourge can be assigned such examinations as fluoroscopy, which can detect echinococcosis or cysticercosis, and CT or ultrasound in some other types of helminthiasis.
Rehabilitation for protozoal diseases and helminthiasis is mandatory for all people undergoing treatment for these pathologies. This is due to the fact that medicinal products used for therapeutic purposes have high toxicity and not only disrupt the microflora of the digestive organs, but also poison the body, causing the development of severe intestinal pathologies. All rehabilitation measures necessary for helminthiases and protozoosis, should be appointed only by a specialist and conducted under his supervision. In the number of rehabilitation measures recommended by the attending physician to restore the organisms of an adult or child from pathologies such as protozoosis and helminthiasis, the following is usually included:
- Administration of folic acid, iron and vitamin B12;
- Non-carbohydrate diet( excludes flour, sweets);
- Application of enzyme preparations that improve digestion;