More and more people can be found who are diagnosed with colitis if they have organ disorders .This inflammatory pathology of the intestine can be attributed to the diseases of civilization, since its occurrence is due to the management of an incorrect lifestyle and unhealthy diet. This disease, developing in the colon, has several varieties, one of which is called spastic.
Of all the types of this pathology, it can be considered the safest. Doctors often call spastic colitis irritable bowel syndrome( IBS).It is characterized by the appearance in the mucous membrane of this digestive organ of the inflammatory process, as a result of which manifest certain unpleasant, painful symptoms, as well as constipation or diarrhea. The pain is due to the involuntary contraction of the intestinal musculature, and can be localized in different parts of the abdominal cavity.
For the most part they are sick more often than women, and quite a young age. In men, the disease can occur after 40 years. This pathology also occurs in children, but rarely. Spastic colitis does not have a pronounced clinical picture. Each patient has his own symptoms, individual character. The most common manifestations are:
- Stool disorders mainly in the direction of constipation;
- Painful sensations, which are of a paroxysmal nature and have unclear localization ;
- Bloating and flatulence, accompanied by sound effects in the form of rumbling ;
- False urge to defecate and feeling that the emptying has not gone completely.
Also common signs of spastic colitis of the intestine for all patients are apathy, lack of mood, loss of appetite and fatigue. But it should be noted that this disease is never accompanied by a decrease in body weight, feverish conditions and impurities in the feces of bloody discharge.
Diagnosis of spastic colitis can be diagnosed to a person if the symptoms described above worry him more than 3 months in a year, but another reason, which could have influenced their appearance, according to differentiated diagnostic studies was not revealed.
The disease belongs to the category of functional disorders of the digestive organs by doctors, as in the case of a diagnostic visual disorder there are no pathological changes on the mucosa.
But this does not mean that the constipation and pain that usually occurs with spastic colitis should not be taken into consideration. After all, in the case when the patient ignores the treatment, the disease very quickly becomes chronic and tortures the person with its unpleasant manifestations for years, with a constant change in the periods of remission and relapse of .
Etiology and pathogenesis of spastic colitis
The causes of the origin of the disease have not been completely clarified yet, but experts are aware of undeniable factors that often lead to the development of an acute form, or cause an exacerbation of the chronic disease .The specialists refer to them:
- Changes occurring in the hormonal background of the organism ;
- Uncontrolled use of medicines ;
- Abuse of alcohol-containing drinks ;
- Unsustainable power supply ;
- Any infectious processes that occur in the digestive tract.
There are also neurological causes of spastic colitis of the intestine, and also provoke the development of its chronic form - lack of sleep, frequent stressful situations, overwork and nervous overstrain. According to of some specialists, psychosomatic therapy is the main cause of spastic colitis.
Due to this, treatment of this is carried out mainly by with non-drug methods, and with the help of psychotherapy, which helps to relieve emotional stress and restore nervous system, and also to observe the appropriate diet.
Chronic spastic colitis
This functional disorder always arises in an acute form and is amenable to treatment, leading to complete recovery of the patient. But this will happen only if all measures are taken in a timely manner. And if the patient does not pay attention to such alarming symptoms as frequent prolonged constipation or unclear soreness in the abdominal area, and does not rush to get medical help, self-medication, spastic colitis can take the chronic course.
This happens for the most part in young women who are characterized by hormonal disruptions occurring against the background of the menstrual cycle, as well as frequent emotional and nervous overstrain - the main factors contributing to the development of spastic colitis.
To prevent such a situation, they should be treated with frequent constipation or any other intestinal disorders, consult a specialist and undergo the necessary diagnostic tests, since the transition of the disease to a chronic form is fraught with regular manifestations of unpleasant symptoms that can greatly impair the quality of life.
Spastic Colitis in Children
Almost a quarter of adult patients who are diagnosed with this functional disorder have been ill since their childhood. In children, the development of spastic colitis is facilitated by helminthic invasions, dysbacteriosis, infectious diseases, as well as improper diet. As a result of these provoking factors, an inflammation occurs in the mucosa of the digestive organ, leading to its spasms.
In children, is also as in adults, spastic colitis occurs with severe constipation and pain in the abdomen without a specific localization site. With inattention to its manifestations and ignoring adequate treatment, this functional disorder very quickly passes into a chronic form. In young patients, before the diagnosis is made, differential diagnosis is also performed, with the help of which any other diseases of the intestine can be eliminated.
The gastroenterologist is engaged in treatment of this disease in children, and the predictions of the disease developed at the youngest age give quite favorable. With timely access to a specialist and avoidance of errors in the prescribed treatment, unpleasant symptoms of spastic colitis pass very quickly, and after a very short time, the complete recovery of the child also occurs.
Spastic Colitis and ICD 10
This functional disease is listed in the ICD 10 in the "Other Bowel Disease" section. Although spastic colitis has a fairly wide prevalence of , patients with this dysfunction of the digestive organ were most often exposed to erroneous diagnoses due to the similarity of symptoms: chronic pancreatitis or dysbiosis, and this, accordingly, led to the appointment of an inappropriate treatment. Therefore, there was a need to systematize the data on this disease in the ICD 10.