Very common in both adult patients and among children is a complaint such as the acute diarrhea that has appeared. The most common cause that can cause an attack of diarrhea is viral gastroenteritis. This disease usually does not require special treatment and passes by itself. Provoked by such symptoms as diarrhea, accompanied by pain in the abdomen, and sometimes vomiting, can be the following factors:
- Food or drug poisoning;
- Diseases of the digestive system;
- Increase in the number of foreign trips.
All of them are bacterial causes that trigger the onset of diarrhea in an acute form. When examining the patient and collecting anamnesis, the focus is on identifying signs of inflammation and severe dehydration, as well as risk factors. In most cases, the liquid stool that appears in a person passes independently and does not require specific treatment or diagnostic tests. They are needed only if an acute attack of chronic diarrhea occurs in a child or an elderly person, and is accompanied by bloody inclusions, fever, severe pains or a significant increase in temperature. All these cases indicate a serious pathology and can lead to serious consequences and dehydration of the body.
Treatment of Acute Diarrhea
When frequent watery diarrhea or a recurrence of a chronic form of pathology arises, patients are wondering what to do in this case and how to treat the severe symptoms of acute diarrhea? Therapy of this disease should be carried out only complex, with a series of interrelated and consistent actions. First of all, you should identify the cause that triggered the occurrence of a stomach disorder. This will allow the specialist to understand, than to treat acute diarrhea. It is usually established easily according to the nature of the feces and events in human life, which preceded the appearance of acute diarrhea. But sometimes a microscopic study of feces is required, with the help of which the presence of pathogenic bacteria is revealed.
The next stage in the therapy of the disease is the elimination of the triggered diarrhea factor, as well as the adoption of appropriate measures to prevent the occurrence of any complications. Here, depending on the indications, drug therapy, pathogenetic treatment or only the elimination of the consequences of pathology can be applied.
It is also necessary to comply with the diet. Both adult patients and children should reduce the use of products that enhance peristalsis and contribute to the onset of an attack of diarrhea. These are dairy products, spicy and spicy foods, as well as vegetables and fruits. The basis of dietary nutrition for the entire period of the disease are lean soups, rice, lean fish and meat, dried bread, strong tea, jelly, etc.
Possible use of symptomatic drugs, such as painkillers or special anti-diarrheal agents. But it is recommended to do this only if the patient's condition is not serious and does not cause any fear, and the cause of acute diarrhea is well known and does not pose a danger. But in the case of self-therapy, an adult is required to restore the water-salt balance.
You can often hear the question about what to do with acute diarrhea in children? In a child, this condition is always more dangerous than in an adult, since babies are prone to the rapid development of dehydration. How to cope with these symptoms? Self-treatment of small patients is strictly forbidden, so it is necessary to urgently call a doctor. Prior to his arrival, do not stop the watery excrement and vomiting, because with the help of these manifestations the body itself gets rid of toxins and microorganisms that caused acute diarrhea. It is only necessary to prevent the development of dehydration to take measures to maintain the water-salt balance of crumbs.
Diet for Acute Diarrhea
Almost all patients are concerned about the issue of nutrition during this disease, so as not to enhance its manifestations and not to translate a single attack of pathology into a chronic form. The main recommendations here will be to pay attention not to food, but rather to drink. Especially in the first hours, properly organized fluid intake will help improve the situation. The best drinks for acute diarrhea are apple juice and herbal teas. The ideal option is to consume at least 300 ml of fluid every half hour.
From the second day you can start eating solid food. But the products allowed in this case are very meager. It can be rice porridge or bananas. All the rest of the food until the disease is completely damped will have an irritating effect on the intestines, therefore, one should abstain from using it.