What are worms in an adult and children( babies), what are the pathogens of helminthiases?

In the yard of the XXI century, and mankind still meets with such a problem as parasite infection. Why are there worms? Why are they so tenacious? How to determine the causative agent of helminthiosis? Can infection be prevented? Such questions are asked by everyone who has children, and those who wish to protect themselves and their loved ones. Knowledge of why worms are planted, which ones are the most dangerous, help to really assess their capabilities and try to preserve their health.

In the life of every adult, there are cases when vigilance fades into the background, and the most important recommendations are forgotten. The causative agents of helminthiases surround us everywhere, which is why it is so necessary to observe the basic rules of hygiene. Both adults and children should necessarily learn about what worms are from, why they are so dangerous and how to deal with invasions. Denote the main ways of infection.

  1. Alimensional.
  2. Contact-household.
  3. Transmissible.
  4. Percutaneous.

Why are worms?

Alimentary pathogen enters the body orally through contaminated food, unwashed hands, fruits and vegetables. In order to begin to develop helminthiosis, it is enough to pet a pet, take it in your arms, play with it, eat contaminated medium-fat meat, or poorly cooked fish.

What else do worms come from? Their eggs or larvae can be on the sole of street shoes, babies and toddlers get infected with parasites for a year, playing on the street in the sandbox. Many pathogens of helminthiases live exactly in soil, so unwashed hands are a good reason for forming ideal conditions for infection. Eggs of worms and their larvae are often on the skin of fruits and vegetables, in those that have contact with the ground.

Which worms are planted through the soil? Ascarids, toxocares, chains, withered heads, echinococci, lamblia and toxoplasma. That is why it is strictly forbidden to eat anything from the bed, every time after contact with the soil, both children and adults should definitely wash their hands with any disinfectant. It is necessary to try to follow the nails, they should be cut off in time.

Worms in adults and children come from improper storage of food in the refrigerator. Since the larvae and eggs of parasites often settle in muscle fibers, there are on the surface of fruits and vegetables, they can not be stored on one shelf with foods that will go to food in raw form. It is important to keep several cutting boards and knives in the house, separate items for meat. From mummy worms do not happen. This tool is often used to treat helminthiases, in the process of excretion of infectious agents from the body.

What else do worms come from?

Answering the question of what worms are starting, experts pay attention to the possibility of their transfer from person to person. If the family is sick, it is a potential threat to everyone around them. And all because often helminths cause itching. When combing the anus, the eggs are clogged under the nails. All that touches the patient, all surfaces and objects become a potential threat to all without exception. The contact and domestic way of infection is valid if there are cats and dogs, other domestic animals in the house.

In the case of the transmissible pathway of infection, infectious agents enter the host's body through blood-sucking insects. When you bite a piece of infected blood or lymph enters the blood of a healthy organism and already with it helps to migrate helminths.

Percutaneous pathway involves infection by worms through the skin or mucous membranes while swimming in water. What else do worms come from, why does helminth infection occur? From the fact that people drink water from wells, or natural sources. If the water does not pass a special cleaning, it can not be drunk in raw form. You can not swim in ponds, in any water, where there is standing water.

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