Prolonged presence in the human body of flat worms from the genus of opisthorchus leads to pathological changes in the liver, gallbladder and pancreas. The disease caused by parasites - opisthorchiasis provokes inflammatory processes in different organs.
This is a kind of filter that not only cleans, but also converts the chemical composition of the products passing through it in the optimal way, the liver is a very significant gland of external secretion in the human digestive system. The most important function of this body is the production of bile, which promotes the processing of fats in digestible food, relieves the body of decayed red blood cells. Hepatic flukes( in the photo) block the passage, preventing a normal outflow of bile and pancreatic juice.
Being in the liver, parasitic worms lay eggs, and as a result of their vital activity, the protein, pigment and fat metabolism is disrupted, and a breakdown occurs in the process of assimilation of vitamins. This creates prerequisites for the development of cancer and peritonitis. After opisthorchiasis, the liver changes morphologically with the replacement of dead cells with a connective tissue, and cirrhosis develops. Currently, there are about twenty million people in the world, invaded by parasites, and most of them have liver damage.
Symptoms of the opisthorchiasis of the liver
Pathological changes caused by the liver in the opisthorchiasis( pictured), depend on the degree of invasion. With a strong lesion of parasites, the organ described becomes bumpy, dense and increases in size. On the surface, thick and thick cords of the bile ducts are visible, and along the edges there are many small cysts. Inside the gland, the passages are clogged with parasites. The defeat of the intrahepatic passages, as well as of the gallbladder and pancreas, causes a very complex and multilayered symptomatology, which makes it difficult to diagnose the liver's opisthorchiasis.
At an early stage of the disease, signs of opisthorchiasis are:
- Dyspeptic manifestations with a stool of mushy consistency.
- Elevated to 38 ° C temperature.
At a late stage, the presence of helminthic invasion in the human liver is manifested by increased pains in its area such as hepatic colic, sleep disorders, severe headaches. The skin of a person becomes pale at this, as in jaundice, the liver and gall bladder increase in size and are painful. Symptoms of opisthorchia in this organ may be the presence of signs of damage to the liver parenchyma.
Treatment of opisthorchiasis of the liver
Compared to other parasitic invasions, getting rid of opisthorchia is the most difficult and complex. The peculiarity of treatment of helminthic invasion is that the acute phase of the disease lasts a short time and it is not always clear that the signs of the disease are associated with parasites. When the transition to the chronic phase, the course of the disease is complicated by concomitant diseases. Therefore, when diagnosing opisthorchiasis in the liver( pictured), the therapeutic course consists of three stages. At the preparatory stage, the following activities are carried out:
- Stop inflammation and manifestations of the allergic syndrome.
- Recovery of free outflow of bile.
- Improvement of the functioning of the cells of the organ.
- Purification of the intestines, detoxification therapy.
The second stage is to release the body from parasites by taking a specific antiparasitic drug. Considering that such a preparation has a strong toxic effect, the treatment of the liver opisthorchiasis is carried out under medical supervision, in a hospital setting. The final stage of therapy is rehabilitative and is necessary to restore the functions of the organ described.
After anthelmintic therapy in the liver ducts, a large number of bodies of dead parasites accumulate and for their withdrawal are used choleretic preparations and hepatoprotectors, as well as vitamin complexes and dietary supplements for strengthening the body. How to clean the liver after ailments there are many methods, including traditional medicine.
In the restoration of the organ after treatment of opisthorchiasis, the organization of proper nutrition is very important. The diet includes products with a low fat content, the exclusion of food from smoked and fried foods, sweet food. Fresh vegetables and fruits, sour-milk products, various porridges, bran are useful. The temperature of the dishes is more comfortable, not hot and not cold.
To improve the condition of the body after treatment, it is recommended to include in the daily diet foods rich in fiber and daily to consume at least two liters of clean water. Among the ways how to maintain the liver after pickling opisthorchov, the collections of medicinal herbs are popular.
Opisthorchiasis of the intestine and pancreas
As a result of damage to the liver by parasites, it is possible to develop encephalopathy, which leads to damage to the brain. To some extent, such a defeat can be called a brain opisthorchiasis. When a disease is chronic helminthiasis, the duodenum is often involved in the pathological process. Being a kind of center of the gastrointestinal tract, it is closely connected with all other parts of the intestine, pancreas, liver through the blood, lymphatic and nervous structures. As a result, the mucosa of the 12-типерстной intestine is affected by toxins and the products of vital activity of parasites. Opisthorchiasis of the intestine causes an enzymatic deficiency of the small intestine, an increase in peristalsis, which manifests itself in a frequent, stinking, liquid stool.
Chronic inflammation of the rectum and sigmoid colon and other gastrointestinal diseases caused by parasites are diagnosed in almost two-thirds of patients. Prolonged toxic, antigenic together with mechanical, the action of helminths leads to inflammation of the bile ducts, and causes various complications. Blockage of the ducts of the gallbladder by parasites disrupts the mobility of the bile ducts. Opisthorchiasis in the gallbladder leads to the development of CLD with the formation of stones in the bladder or the development of cholecystitis.
Pancreatic osteoporosis is manifested by gingival abdominal pain, unstable stool, an increase in its size and symptoms of hyperglycemia. Complications can be diabetes mellitus type 2.The parasitic lesion of the gland is manifested by flatulence. The disease proceeds according to the type of hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, angiocholitis, pancreatitis, and the like.
Glaive infections of the eye are external and internal. With the external course of the disease, conjunctivitis, furuncles, granulomas or "destroying" ophthalmomiasis develop. Significantly less common is the internal form of the disease, and it is characteristic for opisthorchiasis of the eyes. Settling in the anterior part of the eye, the parasite traumatizes it and leads to a drop in vision. Therapy is carried out by Chloksil with the addition of antiallergic drugs and enzymes.